Canadian GDP builds up steam – The Globe and Mail

Canadian GDP builds up steam

Victor Marquez, an assembler at Standen's Limited in Calgary, grinds a heavy truck spring.

Victor Marquez, an assembler at Standen’s Limited in Calgary, grinds a heavy truck spring. Chris Bolin for The Globe and Mail

Gross domestic product expanded 0.4 per cent in November, marking third consecutive month of growth

Ottawa Globe and Mail Update

Canada’s economy expanded for a third straight month in November, as mining, energy and wholesale trade helped pull the country further out of recession.

The 0.4-per-cent growth in the month, reported Friday by Statistics Canada, was more than economists expected. The federal statistics gathering agency also revised October’s growth figure up to 0.3 per cent, from the initially reported 0.2 pert cent. September’s reading was also revised up a tenth of a percentage point.

November’s data indicates the economy – which grew just 0.4 per cent in the third quarter – is on track to meet or exceed the Bank of Canada’s 3.3 per cent growth estimate for the final three months of 2009, economists said.

“It’s certainly an indication that the economy picked up a lot of steam in the last quarter,” said Millan Mulraine, an economics strategist at TD Securities in Toronto. “We didn’t see it coming; we never thought it would be at this level so early.”

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Even a flat reading for December would yield a pace approaching 4 per cent annual growth for the October-through-December period, Mr. Mulraine and economists such as Doug Porter of BMO Nesbitt Burns said.

Mining, and oil and gas extraction and wholesale trade accounted for about 60 per cent of economic growth in November, Statistics Canada said in its monthly report on Canada’s gross domestic product.

Construction rose for a fourth straight month, expanding 1.1 per cent largely because of a 2.5-per-cent increase in the residential sector. The country’s hot home resale market led to a 0.7-per-cent increase in output from real estate agents and brokers, Statistics Canada said.

An Investor’s Guide to Understanding the Economy:

Also, “strong activity” in the bond market and a spike in sales of mutual funds pushed the finance and insurance sector up 1.2 per cent.

Despite the gains, gross domestic product was down 1.7 per cent in November from a year earlier, but that year-over-year gap was almost 3 per cent the month before.

The central bank said in its Jan. 21 quarterly forecast that companies continue to have plenty of excess capacity and predicted the economy won’t be running at full tilt until the third quarter of 2011, in part because of the effect Canada’s strong currency is having on sales to the U.S. and overseas.

Canada’s beleaguered manufacturing industry stalled in November after an anemic 0.1-per-cent gain the previous month, retail trade fell 0.8 per cent after at least five months of increases, and the utilities sector contracted by 1.8 per cent as unseasonably warm weather reduced demand for electricity and natural gas heating.

Meanwhile, the U.S. economy grew a more-than-expected 5.7 per cent in the last quarter of 2009, according to a preliminary estimate released Friday by the Commerce Department in Washington. Though the gain was largely attributed to factories replenishing inventories, should that number hold it would be the biggest quarterly annualized gain in six years.

That bodes well for Canadian growth going forward because it suggests demand for exports to the U.S. could pick up sooner than anticipated as America’s shell-shocked consumers recover further and spend more.

The Bank of Canada says the domestic economy will expand 2.9 per cent this year, a slightly rosier prediction than the 2.6 per cent forecast issued by the International Monetary Fund this week.

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